Flags of the First Fleeters
Red Ensign used
by First Fleet ships
Red Ensign (1707-1801) - Lieutenant James Cook on Endeavour on his first voyage of discovery was the first European to explore the east coast of Australia. He landed at Kurnell on Botany Bay on 29 April 1770. The Endeavour was in the service of the Royal Navy, but as it was not attached to any fleet, it flew the Red Ensign (one of three flags then used by the Royal Navy).
Union Jack used by
First Fleeters on land
Union Jack (1606-1801) - Lieutenant James Cook raised the British flag on 22 August 1770 at Possession Island
in the Torres Strait, claiming the whole eastern coastline of Australia as British territory. On 26 January 1788 Captain
Arthur Phillip established the first European settlement in Australia at Sydney Cove.